Question(s):
Is a baby’s vomit impure? Does it need to be washed if it gets on one’s cloth? Is a small amount on the clothes during Salāh forgiven?

Answer(s):
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Firstly, a baby’s vomit is considered impure when it is a mouthful [1]. If it is less than a mouthful, it isn’t regarded impure. [2]

If the vomit is visible, you may purify it by washing it off. If it is non-visible, you may purify it by washing thrice (body/clothes) and squeezing it each time (clothes). [3]

If this vomit gets on to one’s body or clothes, there are two possible scenarios that affect the validity of one’s Salah:
1) The vomit is equal to the amount of a Dirham (Around 4/5 grams of solid filth or 5 cm in diameter), then the body and clothes will become impure. If so, one must purify the area before performing Salāh. Salah performed in this state will not be valid.
2) If it is less than the amount of a Dirham (as outlined), then one is excused and the Salāh prayed in this state will be valid. However, even in this case, it is recommended to remove the impurity before one prays. [4]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best.
Mufti Mubasshir Ahmed
2 Muharram 1441/ 21 August 2020

Approved by: Mufti Tahir Wadee

Note: This fatwa is only to be viewed with the question asked. In the event of presenting this to a third party, please ensure it is coupled with the original question, as well as the references below for Islamic Scholars.


DISCLAIMER: The views and opinions expressed in this answer belong only to: the author, any concurring Ulama’ and the senior approving Muftis – they do not in any way represent or reflect the views of any institutions to which he may be affiliated.

Arguments and ideas propounded in this answer are based on the juristic interpretations and reasoning of the author. Given that contemporary issues and their interpretations are subjective in nature, another Mufti may reach different conclusions to the one expressed by the author. Whilst every effort has been taken to ensure total accuracy and soundness from a Shari’ah perspective, the author is open to any correction or juristic guidance. In the event of any juristic shortcomings, the author will retract any or all of the conclusions expressed within this answer.

The Shari’ah ruling given herein is based specifically on the scenario in question.  The author bears no responsibility towards any party that acts or does not act on this answer and is exempted from any and all forms of loss or damage.  This answer may not be used as evidence in any court of law without prior written consent from the author.  Consideration is only given and is restricted to the specific links provided, the author does not endorse nor approve of any other content the website may contain.


[References]
[1]
كل ما يخرج من بدن الإنسان مما يجب بخروجه الوضوء أو الغسل فهو نجس من البول والغائط والقيء ملء الفم
[Badai’ al-Sana’i, al-Kāsāni (d. 587h/1191), 1/361 – Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah]

وهو نجس مغلظ ولو من صبي ساعة ارتضاعه هو الصحيح لمخالطة النجاسة
[Durrul Mukhtār, Al-Haskafi (d. 1088h/1677), 1/24 – Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah]

چھوٹا بچہ جب قے کرے تو اس کے منہ کا اعتبار ہوگا، اگر منہ بھر کر کرے تو اس کا وہی حکم ہوگا جو بڑے آدمی کی منہ بھر کرنے کا ہے
[Fatāwa Mahmūdiyyah, Mufti Mahmūdul Hasan Gangohi (d.1417h/1996), 5/228 – Jamia’ Farūqiyyah]

چھوٹا شیر خوار بچہ یا بڑا آدمى اگر منہ بھر قے کرے تو وہ ناپاک ہے اور نجاست غلیظہ ہے
[Fatāwa Rahīmiyyah, Mufti Abdulraheem Lajpūri (d.1422h/2001), 4/55 – Darul Isha’at] 

[2]
وأما ما لا ينقض كالقىء الذي لم يملأ الفم وما لم يسل من نحو الدم فطاهر على الصحيح
[Hashiyah al-Tahtawi ala Maraqi al-Falah, al-Tahtawi (d. 1231/1816), 1/155 – Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah]

وإنما اتصل به قليل القيء فلا يكون حدثا
[Raddul Muhtār, Ibn ‘Abideen (d. 1252h/1836), 1/138 – al-Fikr]

البتہ اگر منہ بھر نہ ہو تھوڑی سی قے ہوئی جس سے وضو نہیں ٹوٹتا تو وہ ناپاک نہیں۔
[Fatāwa Rahīmiyyah, Mufti Abdulraheem Lajpūri (d.1422h/2001), 4/55 – Darul Isha’at]

[3]
وأما شرائط التطهير بالماء  فمنها العدد في نجاسة غير مرئية عندنا.. فإن كانت غير مرئية كالبول ونحوه ذكر في ظاهر الرواية أنه لا تطهر إلا بالغسل ثلاثا
[Badai’ al-Sana’i, al-Kāsāni (d. 587h/1191), 1/448 – Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah]

وإزالتها إن كانت مرئية بإزالة عينه. وإن كانت غير مرئية كالبول والخمر يغسلها ثلاث مرات ويعصر في كل مرة
[Muhit al-Burhāni, Ibn Māzah (d. 616h/1219), 1/196 – Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah]

جسم یا کپڑے پر لگ جائے تو وو نا پاک ہے اس کا پاک کرنا ضروری ہے
[Fatāwa Mahmūdiyyah, Mufti Mahmūdul Hasan Gangohi (d.1417h/1996), 5/228 – Jamia’ Farūqiyyah]

کپڑے پر یا بدن پر لگ جائے تو دھونا ضروری ہے
[Fatāwa Rahīmiyyah, Mufti Abdulraheem Lajpūri (d.1422h/2001), 4/55 – Darul Isha’at]

[4]
فقال: (وعفي قدر الدرهم) وزنا في المتجسدة وهو عشرون قيراطا ومساحة في المائعة وهو قدر مقعر الكف…فذلك عفو من النجاسة المغلظة.
[Maraqi al-Falah, al-Shurunubulāli (d. 1069h/1659), 1/156 – Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah]

قوله: (وعفي قدر الدرهم) أي عفا الشارع عن ذلك، والمراد عفا عن الفساد به وإلا فكراهة التحريم باقية إجماعا إن بلغت الدرهم، وتنزيها إن لم تبلغ
[Hashiyah al-Tahtawi ala Maraqi al-Falah, al-Tahtawi (d. 1231/1816), 1/156 – Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah]

اگر وہ مقدار در ہم ہو تو نماز سے پہلے اس کو پاک کرنا ضروری ہے ورنہ نماز نہیں ہوگی
[Fatāwa Mahmūdiyyah, Mufti Mahmūdul Hasan Gangohi (d.1417h/1996), 5/228 – Jamia’ Farūqiyyah]