I had ink on my hand from a pen before Wudhu, and i did Wudhu forgetting there was ink on my hand. Thereafter, I performed Salah and then, I realised there was a bit of ink left on my hand. Are the Wudhu and Salah I performed valid?

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Ink from a standard writing pen is permeable and does not act as a barrier for water reaching the skin. Accordingly, the Wudhu performed and the subsequent Salah are both valid.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best.
(Mufti) Mubasshir Talha – May Allah pardon him

Approved by:
Mufti Tahir Wadee | Mufti Yusuf Ilolvi

Note: This fatwa is only to be viewed with the question asked. In the event of presenting this to a third party, please ensure it is coupled with the original question, as well as the references below for Islamic Scholars.

:الحجة على ما قلنا
قال ابن الهمام في فتح القدير (١/٢٠٩، الفكر): لو صبغ ثوبه أو يده بصبغ أو حناء نجسين فغسل إلى أن صفا الماء يطهر مع قيام اللون. انتهى

وقال ابن نجيم في البحر الرائق (١/٤٩، الكتاب الإسلامي): والوسخ والدرن لا يمنع والتراب والطين في الظفر لا يمنع؛ لأن الماء ينفد فيه. انتهى 

وقال الملا خسرو في درر الحكام (١/٩، إحياء الكتب): (والدرن) بفتحتين أي الوسخ الحاصل في أعضاء الوضوء (والونيم) وهو ما يخرج من الذباب أو البرغوث (والحناء) أي لونه إذ جرمه كالطين (لا يمنع الطهارة). انتهى 

وقال الحدادي في الجوهرة النيرة (١/٣، الخيرية): والوسخ والدرن لا يمنع وكذا التراب والطين فيه لا يمنع. انتهى

وقال المفتي محمود حسن الجنجوهي في فتاوى محمودية (٥/٤١، فاروقية): اگر محض رنگ اور کسی قدر چکناہٹ باقی ہے تو اس سے وضو میں خلل نہیں آتا جیسے اگر تیل لگا ہوا ہو اور اس پر پانی بہا دیا جاۓ۔ انتهى

وقال المفتي عبد الرحيم اللاجفوري في فتاوى رحيمية (٤/٣٣، إشاعت): مہندی جیسا رقیق رنگ لگاہو تو غسل ہو جائے گا- انتهى

“Rollerball pens employ the same ballpoint mechanics, but with the use of water-based inks instead of oil-based inks.Compared to oil-based ballpoints, rollerball pens are said to provide more fluid ink-flow, but the water-based inks will blot if held stationary against the writing surface. Water-based inks also remain wet longer when freshly applied and are thus prone to “smearing”—posing problems to left-handed people (or right handed people writing right-to-left script)—and “running”, should the writing surface become wet.
[Wikipedia ,]”

“The average ballpoint pen’s ink is composed of dye or pigment particles.”

“The majority of ballpoint pens currently on the market are not waterproof or water-resistant and will have issues if the paper that you are writing on ends up getting wet.”
[Picky Pens UK,]

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