Please can you detail everything about Laylatul Qadr? When it is, what should we do on this night, is there any specific worship or supplications to make on this night. Please advise with any further advice you may have.
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.
Allah Almighty has revealed in the Qurʾān, the chapter of decree (Sūrah 97), in which he describes the night of Qadr (decree) as being better [in blessings and special virtue] than a thousand months.
“Verily, we have revealed it [the Qurʾān] in the night of decree. And do you know what the night of decree is? The night of decree is better than a thousand months. Therein, descend the angels and the Rūh [Jibraīl] by Allah’s permission with all decrees, there is peace until the appearance of dawn.”(Surah 97, Al-Qadr, Al-Qur’an)
The Prophet ﷺ states, “Whoever stands [in prayer] on the night of decree with faith and hope of reward, all his previous sins are forgiven” (Sahih Al-Bukhāri, 1901)
Is the date of this blessed night known?
The precise date of this night was concealed from mankind due to several reasons. Although several reasons have been outlined by the scholars with indications to some Ahadith, Allah knows best the wisdom of why this date was hidden from us.
Which night is the blessed night?
Various opinions have been narrated by scholars. Nevertheless, various Ahadith suggest that it falls during the last ten nights of the blessed month of Ramaḍān. Many people assume that the ‘Night of Decree’ falls on the 27th night of Ramadhān. Whilst this is indeed a possibility, one should avoid specifying a particular date, as this is contradictory to the Prophetic teachings and this often leads to restricting one’s good actions/deeds, leading to potentially depriving themselves of the abundant blessings showered by Allah Almighty.
The Prophet ﷺ on one occasion, clearly stated: “I was shown this night but I was made to forget it. Look for the night of power among the odd-numbered nights of the last ten days [of Ramadān], and verily I saw that I was prostrating in water and soil. So whoever had been in Iʿtikāf (staying in the mosque) with the messenger of Allah ﷺ should return” (Sahīh al-Bukhārī, 2016).
Therefore, one should increase his worship in the last ten days of the month and perform Iʿtikāf if possible, in search of this blessed night. ʿĀishah (May Allah be pleased with her) says: “When the last ten days of Ramaḍān would come, the Prophet ﷺ would tighten his waist-wrapper (izār), spend the night in worship, and wake his family up [for worship]” (Sahīh al-Bukhārī, 2024).
For more guidance on I’tikāf for men, one may refer to the following document:
For more guidance on I’tikaf for women, one may refer to our earlier answer in this regard.
Is there any specific worship that should be performed during this night?
It must be noted that there is no specific type of worship mentioned regarding this night, thus, one should exert themselves in whatever type of worship is possible.
Some noble acts that are recommended throughout the year, should also be included during these nights, such as:
1. Sadaqah (Charity) – Try to donate a little amount towards Charity every night, so this can add up in your balance of rewards. Through the will of Allah Almighty, this little amount given regularly with sincerity will go a long way. You can even set up an automatic payment every night via the following link: Ummah Welfare Trust (repeat donation) or see: My Ten Nights for alternative charities.
2. Recitation of the Qur’an Al-Kareem: This should not be fixed or limited in any way. One should read as much as possible. There are no fixed Surahs to be read either; one should strive to complete at least one khatam (completion) during the whole month of Ramadhān.
3. Abundance of Durūd– Various scholars have advised that from amongst the etiquettes of Dua’ (supplication) is that Durūd Shareef (Salutations upon Nabi ﷺ) should be read at the start and end of all Duas; this increases the likelihood of one’s Dua’s being accepted by Allah. Furthermore, the recitation of Durūd Shareef has proven benefits in removing calamities and difficulties, as affirmed by various pious elders and scholars of the past.
4. Abundance of Istighfār – (seeking forgiveness from Allah Almighty) – This helps to cleanse one’s heart and soul from sins; Allah loves those who seek forgiveness (repent) towards Him.
5. Isha and Fajr Salāh in Congregation – Both the Isha Salah & Fajr Salāh should be read in the congregation to gain maximum rewards.
6. Tarawīh Salāh – One should read the 20 Rakāts of Tarawīh, just as on other days of Ramadhān. If there is a congregation, one should join, otherwise, one should read alone.
7. Tahajjud Salāh – One should read Nafl Salah with the intention of Tahajjud (in units of 2) up to 8 rakāts, reciting Qur’an in each Rakāt.
8. Abundance of Dua’ – Especially after Tahajjud Salāh and at other times of the night, one should spend time making Dua’ (supplicating) to Allah. If one maintains full conviction in Allah and sincerity for Him, the likelihood of Dua’s being accepted during this time is extremely high, with the added blessings and mercy descending on Laylatul Qadr.
Alongside asking for one’s needs, a specific Duʿā to be read on the Night of Decree (and due to its ambiguity, to be recited in the last ten days of Ramaḍān) has been narrated by ʿĀishah (May Allah be pleased with her) who asked the Prophet ﷺ what to say in this blessed night. The Prophet ﷺ replied: Say:
اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُـوٌّ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّيْ
“O Allah, indeed you are the forgiver. You love to forgive, so forgive me”(Sunan al-Tirmidhī, 3513; Sunan Ibn Mājah, 3850)
In conclusion, the virtues of Laylatul Qadr (Night of Decree) are firmly established by the Quran Al-Karim and authentic Ahadith. Worship is not restricted to any one type and so, one should increase their worship of all types in the last ten days of the blessed month of Ramadhān, and switch around their modes of worship to keep refreshed, in order to succeed in gaining the promised blessings & virtues of this blessed night.
We supplicate to the Almighty that He grants us all the blessings & virtues of this blessed night and He makes it a means for our salvation/success on the Day of Reckoning. Please remember the entire DeenSpire Team in your blessed Du’as.
And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best.
Mufti Mubasshir Talha
19 Ramadhān 1441/ 12 May 2020
Mufti Tahir Wadee | Mufti Yusuf Ilolvi
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