Question(s)

I work as an HR Administrator for a legal business – a corporate law firm that provides legal advice for different companies. The company is large and it has a number of different teams, which specialise in providing different areas of legal advice. As I work in the HR department, I’m not the one providing the legal advice to the different branches, but I’m doing HR Admin for the lawyer. Is my job Halal?

Answer(s)

الجواب حامدا ومصليا ومسلما

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Firstly, we applaud you for your sincere concern towards ensuring a halal income.

As indicated in your question, your position in the HR Department at the Corporate Law firm is merely of an administrative nature [1] and generally free from any sinful activity [2], whereby you are not directly involved in any legal matters. Thus, your income will be halal.

Note: There is an additional matter to be considered in some cases: If the income sources of the company/firm are mixed between lawful and unlawful sources and it’s difficult to differentiate between the two, then the majority will be considered. If the majority income is unlawful, various scholars explicitly state that this is ‘assisting in sin’ and thus, impermissible. [3]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best.
Mubasshir Talha
14 Jumada’ al-Oula 1442 / 27 January 2021

Concurred by:

Approved by:
Mufti Tahir Wadee | Mufti Yusuf Ilolvi
[To see their profiles, click here]

Note: This fatwa is only to be viewed with the question asked. In the event of presenting this to a third party, please ensure it is coupled with the original question, as well as the references below for Islamic Scholars.


DISCLAIMER: The views and opinions expressed in this answer belong only to: the author, any concurring Ulama’ and the senior approving Muftis – they do not in any way represent or reflect the views of any institutions to which he may be affiliated.

Arguments and ideas propounded in this answer are based on the juristic interpretations and reasoning of the author. Given that many juristic issues and their interpretations are subjective in nature, another Mufti may reach different conclusions to the one expressed by the author. Whilst every effort has been taken to ensure total accuracy and soundness from a Shari’ah perspective, the author is open to any correction or juristic guidance. In the event of any juristic shortcomings, the author will retract any or all of the conclusions expressed within this answer.

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[References]

[1] For most organizations, agencies, and businesses, the human resources department is responsible for:
– Managing job recruitment, selection, and promotion
– Developing and overseeing employee benefits and wellness programs
– Developing, promoting, and enforcing personnel policies
– Promoting employee career development and job training
– Providing orientation programs for new hires
– Providing guidance regarding disciplinary actions
– Serving as a primary contact for work-site injuries or accidents
[<https://www.humanresourcesedu.org/what-is-human-resources/&gt; [Accessed 25 July 2020].

[2]
ولا يجوز الاستئجار على الغناء والنوح، وكذا سائر الملاهي؛ لأنه استئجار على المعصية والمعصية لا تستحق بالعقد
[Al-Hidayah, Murghināni, 3/238, Ihyaa’-ul-Turāth]

والإستئجار على المعصية لا تجوز
[Al-Mabsut, Sarakhsi, 16:/8, Ma’rifah]

وإن كانت معصية كالنياحة والغناء فهو إجارة على المعصية، والإجارة على المعاصي باطلة
[Muhīt Al Burhāni, Ibn Māzah, 7/483, Darul al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah]

اور چونکہ یہ تجارت یعنی بجلی تیار کر کے اہل حاجت کے ہاتھ فروخت کرنا جائز ہے، اس لۓ اس کا نفع وغیرہ بھی حلال ہے۔
[Imdādul Fatawa, ‘Allamah Thanawi, 8/84, Nu’maniyah Jadīd]

صرف وہ مدد ناجائز ہے جو براہ راست حرام کام میں ہو مثلا سودی معاملہ کرنا، سود کا معاہدہ لکھنا، سود کی رقم وصول کرنا وغیرہ۔ لیکن اگر براہ راست سودی معاملے میں انسان کو ملوث نہ ہونا پرے (إلی قوله)
تو اس میں چونکہ براہ راست مدد نہیں ہے، اس لۓ گنجائش ہے۔
[Fatāwa Uthmāni, Mufti Taqi Uthmāni, 3/395, Ma’ariful Qurān]

[3]
اس نصوص سے معلوم ہوا کہ جس شخص کی امدنی حلال اور حرام سے مخلوط ہے، اس میں غالب کا اعتبار ہوگا۔
[Imdād Al-Ahkām, Zafar Ahmed Uthmāni, 4:399, Darululoom Karāchi]

 اگر حلال وحرام آمدن کو خلط کر دیا جاتا ہے اور حلال کو الگ رکھنے پر ادارہ تیار نہ ہو تو اس کا حکم یہ ہے: حلال وحرام مخلوط ہوں لیکن حلال غالب ہو تو اس سے اجرت لینا جائز ہے اور اگر حلال وحرام دونوں برابر ہوں یا حرام غالب ہوں تو جائز نہیں. انتهى.
[Ahsanul Fatāwa, Mufti Rashīd Ahmed Ludhyānwi, 7/329, H.M.Saeed]

جہاں تک حرام مال سے تنخواہ ملنے کا تعلق ہے، اس کے بارے میں شریعت کا اصول یہ ہے کے اگر ایک مال حرام اور حلال سے  مخلوط ہے ہو اور حرام مال زیادہ ہو تو اس سے تنخواہ یا ہدیہ لینا جائز نہیں، لیکن اگر حرام مال کم ہو تو جائز ہے۔
[Fatāwa Uthmāni, Mufti Taqi Uthmāni, 3/395, Ma’ariful Qurān]