If the Adhan was given before the beginning time for a Salah, will it need to be repeated? And if the Adhan is not repeated, will Salah performed still be valid?

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

It is not correct to render the Adhān before the Salāh (beginning) time. Thus, the Adhān should be repeated within the Salāh time. [1]

Nonetheless, if one performed Salāh without the Adhān being repeated, this will not affect the validity of the Salāh. This is notwithstanding that if the Adhān is not repeated, an emphasised Sunnah has been missed. [2]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best.
(Mufti) Mubasshir Talha – May Allah pardon him

Approved by:
Mufti Tahir Wadee | Mufti Yusuf Ilolvi

Note: This fatwa is only to be viewed with the question asked. In the event of presenting this to a third party, please ensure it is coupled with the original question, as well as the references below for Islamic Scholars.


قلت: أرأيت رجلا أذن قبل وقت الصلاة؟ قال: لا يجزيه. قلت: فإن فعل ذلك؟ قال: فعليه أن يعيد أذانه إذا دخل الوقت. قلت: فإن لم يفعل
وصلى بهم؟ قال: صلاتهم تامة.
[Al-Asl, 1/110, Dār Ibn Hazm]

(وإن أذن قبل دخول الوقت لم يجزه ويعيده في الوقت) لأن المقصود من الأذان إعلام الناس بدخول الوقت فقبل الوقت يكون تجهيلا لا إعلاما ولأن المؤذن مؤتمن قال – ﷺ – «الإمام ضامن والمؤذن مؤتمن اللهم أرشد الأئمة واغفر للمؤذنين» وفي الأذان قبل الوقت إظهار الخيانة فيما ائتمن
[Al-Mabsūt, 1/134, Dār al-Ma’rifah]

وأما بيان وقت الأذان والإقامة فوقتهما ما هو وقت الصلوات المكتوبات، حتى لو أذن قبل دخول الوقت لا يجزئه ويعيده إذا دخل الوقت في الصلوات
كلها في قول أبي حنيفة ومحمد.
[Al-Bada’i al-Sana’i, 1/658, DKI]

ولا يؤذن لصلاة قبل دخول الوقت ويعاد فيه
[Tuhfah al-Mulook, 50, Dār al-Bashā’ir]

أنها تعاد إذا وقعت قبل الوقت
[Radd al-Muhtār, 1/385, HM Saeed]

وإن لم يعد الأذان في الوقت جازت صلاته؛ لأنه لو ترك الأذان أصلا جازت صلاته
[Muhīt al-Burhāni, 1/348, DKI]

نماز اپنے وقت میں پڑھی ہو تو وہ ادا ہوگئی، اعادہ کی ضرورت نہیں۔ فرق صرف یہ ہوا کہ نماز بلا اذان پڑھی گئی۔ مگر اس سے نماز کے صحیح ہونے میں فرق نہیں آتا۔ البتہ اذان نماز کے وقت سے پہلے کہنا درست نہیں، وقت کے بعد اعادہ ضروری ہے۔ اذان سنت مؤکدہ اور دین کا شعار ہے۔ اس کی بہت زیادہ اہمیت ہے۔
[Fatāwa Rahīmiyyah, 4/94, Dār al-Isha’at]

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