Question(s):
Can you make Dua’ of forgiveness for the one who commits suicide?

Answer(s):
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

It is permissible to seek forgiveness on behalf of the one who has committed suicide. There is high hope from the Almighty of his forgiveness. [1]

Nonetheless, it must be noted that often, people take their lives due to deteriorating mental health or other external pressures; sometimes the death is almost accidental when one had intended self-harm. Thus, as a human being, and more so as a Muslim, one should be sensitive to such matters and avoid speculating, so as to cause distress to the family of the deceased. [2]

Insha’Allah, we will have a related query on performing Janazah Salah for such a person published promptly.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best.
(Mufti) Mubasshir Talha – May Allah pardon him

Approved by:
Mufti Tahir Wadee | Mufti Yusuf Ilolvi

Note: This fatwa is only to be viewed with the question asked. In the event of presenting this to a third party, please ensure it is coupled with the original question, as well as the references below for Islamic Scholars.


References:
[1]
قال رسول الله ﷺ: اللهم، وليديه فاغفر.
[Sahih Muslim, 116]

وهذا الحديث يقتضي أن قاتل نفسه ليس بكافر، وأنه لا يخلد في النار، وهو موافق لمقتضى قوله تعالى: إن الله لا يغفر أن يشرك به ويغفر ما دون ذلك لمن يشاء. وهذا الرجل ممن شاء الله أن يغفر له؛ لأنه إنما أتى بما دون الشرك
[Al-Mufhim, Qurtubi, 1/324, Dār Ibn Kathīr]

فإن قول النبي ﷺ «اللهم وليديه فاغفر» من جملة ما ذكرنا من الأحاديث الدالة علي أن الخلود غير واقع في حق من أتى بالشهادتين وإن قتل نفسه؛ لأن النبي ﷺ دعا للجإني علي نفسه بالمغفرة، ولا يجوز في حقه أن يستغفر لمن وجب عليه الخلود بعد أن نهي عنه، مع ما يدل علي كونه صحيح الحال في قصة الرؤيا من ذكر الهيئة الحسنة
[Sharh al-Mishkāt lil Tībi, 8/2458, Riyādh][Mirqāt al-Mafātih, Mulla Ali Qari, 6/2263, Dār al-Fikr]

وقوله: (اللهم وليديه فاغفر) أي: كما غفرت لسائر أعضائه اغفر ليديه أيضا، وفيه دليل على عدم كفره وخلوده في النار لأنه -ﷺ- دعا له بالمغفرة.
[Lamāt al-Tanqīh, Abdul Haq Dehlawi, 6/278, Dār al-Nawādir]

خودکشی کرنے والا فاسق ہے کافر نہیں، لہذا اس کے لۓ دعاء مغفرت وایصال ثواب جائز ہے۔
[Ahsan al-Fatāwa, Mufti Rashīd Ahmed Ludhyānwi, 4/206, HM Saeed]

[Kitab al-Nawāzil, Mufti Salman Mansūrpuri, 6/45-46, Al-Markaz al-Ilmi]

[2]
قال رسول الله ﷺ: «لا تسبوا الأموات، فتؤذوا الأحياء»
[Musnad Ahmed, 18210; Sunan al-Tirmidhi, 1982]


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