Is it possible to offer Jumu’ah Salah with one imam, two males and one female?


الجواب حامدا ومصليا ومسلما

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

According to the preferred view of the Hanafi Madhab, there must be a minimum of three followers besides the Imam and each follower must be a mature male. If one of the followers from the three does not fulfil this requirement e.g. a female or child etc, then the minimum requirement will not be fulfilled; thus, performing Jumu’ah Salāh in this manner will not be valid.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best.
Mubasshir Talha
5 Shawwāl 1441/ 28 May 2020

Approved by:
Mufti Tahir Wadee | Mufti Yusuf Ilolv
[To see their profiles, click here]

Note: This fatwa is only to be viewed with the question asked. In the event of presenting this to a third party, please ensure it is coupled with the original question.

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قلت: أرأيت إماما خطب الناس يوم الجمعة ففزع الناس، فذهبوا كلهم إلا رجلا واحدا بقي معه، كم يصلي الإمام؟ قال: يصلي أربع ركعات، إلا أن يبقى معه ثلاثة رجال سواه فيصلي بهم الجمعة، وذلك أدنى ما يكون، انتهى
[Al-Asl, 1/311]

أو بقي من الرجال ثلاثة وذلك أدنى ما يكون بقي على الجمعة. انتهى
[Al-Jami’ Al-Saghir, 78]

 رُجح في الشروح دليله، واختاره المحبوبي والنسفي. انتهى
[Al-Tashih wa Al-Tarji’, 184; Rad Al-Muhtar, 5/49, Farfur]

ولا يرد عليه النساء والصبيان فإن الجمعة لا تصح بهم وحدهم لعدم صلاحيتهم للإمامة فيها بحال؛ لأن النساء خرجن بالتاء في ثلاثة أي ثلاثة رجال، وكذا الصبي؛ لأنه ليس برجل كامل والمطلق ينصرف إلى الكامل. انتهى
[Bahr Al-Ra’iq, 2/162]

وقال ابن عابدين في رد المحتار (٥/٥٠ ، فرفور): فأفاد أنه لو بقي ثلاثة من النساء أو الصبيان، ولو كان معهم رجل أو رجلان لا يعتبر. انتهى
[Al-Bada’i’, 3/53; Rad Al-Muhtar, 5/50, Farfur]