Short Question(s)

What is the ruling of sneakerbotting? Can you enter using multiple aliases (accounts)?

Detailed Question(s)

The idea of sneakerbotting is that you pay a subscription fee for a program/software which purchases rare limited shoes for you. Exclusive/limited shoes are released via a raffle system whereby you enter for the raffle to win the shoes. Raffles can last between 5mins-5days and in this time anyone can enter. There is no surcharge to enter the raffle, just the price of the shoe is taken out of your bank. Whoever does not get selected, their money is refunded back. Goes without saying but if your address is selected, payment for the shoe is taken and the shoes delivered. Every week there will be exclusive shoes getting released via Nike. The principle is simple supply and demand, buying and selling. When there is low stock supply of the shoes, the resell price of the shoe is increased on the secondary market, thus profit is made. Now imagine if a person has multiple addresses. His chances to win the shoes are much higher. I have made 50 Nike accounts (people will enter with hundreds of accounts). Each Nike account is linked to a Gmail account that is also created using a unique SIM card for the purposes of order confirmation emails, dispatch emails etc. Each account also has a different IP address connected to it to make it look like they are all coming from different locations. These are paid for using different proxy providers. The purpose of the software is to enter all 50 of my accounts without me having to manually do anything. The software has a developer on the other end which finds weaknesses/loopholes within the Nike website which allows the automation of the procedure. For example, Saturday morning 8am there will be a release. I use the program which is already prepped with all my accounts details inputted. All I have to do is press start and watch all the account enter. If there are any charges made, I find out which house, collect the parcel & resell the shoe for a profit. What I am trying to find out is the money made halal or haraam?
Because in a way, I have created aliases using the different addresses I have acquired from friends/family. On Nikes end, they will see it as 50 different individuals entering for the raffle except all 50 ‘individuals’ are linked to me.

Answer(s)

الجواب حامدا ومصليا ومسلما

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, two components are required for a valid sale: proposal of the transaction and acceptance of the proposal.

In the scenario in question, you are utilising a software programme to initiate the transaction on your behalf [1]. Therefore, it is permissible to employ the use of such devices to facilitate the sale on your behalf and the income/products derived from this are permissible. Moreover, there is no gambling involved as the money is returned to you if there is no product received. [2]

Nonetheless, it is not permissible to enter such draws or initiate any sales with multiple fake accounts, as this constitutes deception, which is unlawful in Shari’ah [3]. This is notwithstanding that such actions are generally in violation of the terms or conditions of the provider/retailer, as highlighted by Nike’s Terms and Conditions for these draws which state: “One entry per person per launch product”. [Refer to the notes below]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best.
[Mufti] Mubasshir Talha
13 Dhul Qa’dah 1442 / 23 June 2021

Concurred by: Annas Shah
Approved by: Mufti Muhammad Tahir Wadee| Mufti Yusuf Ilolvi
[To see their profiles, click here]

Note: This fatwa is only to be viewed with the question asked. In the event of presenting this to a third party, please ensure it is coupled with the original question, as well as the references below for Islamic Scholars.


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[Notes]

Refer to: https://www.nike.com/gb/help/a/nike-launch-drawings-eu for more details

[References]

[1]
التوكيل بالبيع والشراء معتبر بنفس البيع والشراء (إلى) ألا ترى أنا نجعل الوكيل كالمشتري لنفسه
[Al-Mabsūt, Al-Sarakhsi (d.490ah), 19/44, DKI]

والوكيل يقوم مقام الموكل في الإيجاب والقبول، (وكل عقد جاز أن يعقده بنفسه جاز أن يوكل به) لما ذكرنا من الحاجة
[Al-Ikhtiyār, Al-Mawsili (d.683ah), 2/381, Al-Risālah]

[2]
Gambling is undoubtedly impermissible:
يا ايها الذين امنوا انما الخمر والميسر والانصاب والازلام رجس من عمل الشيطان فاجتنبوه لعلكم تفلحون
[Qur’an Al-Kareem, Surah Al-Ma’idah – Ayah 90]

وهو حرام بالنص القمار
[Radd al-Muhtar ala ad-Durr al-Mukhtar, Ibn ‘Abideen (d.1252ah), 6/403, HM Saeed]

Nonetheless, the scenario in question does not involve gambling as the money is returned (if no product is received) and is not dependant on anything else. Consider the following statements of the jurists and scholars with regards to gambling:

لأن القمار من القمر الذي يزاد تارة وينقص أخرى وسمي القمار قمارا؛ لأن كل واحد من القمارين ممن يجوز أن يذهب ماله إلى صاحبه ويجوز أن يستفيد مال صاحبه فيجوز الازدياد والنقصان في كل واحدة منهما فصار ذلك قمارا وهو حرام بالنص
[Al-Bahr al-Ra’iq, Ibn Nujāym (d.970ah), 9/360, DKI]

قوله: (لأنه يصير قمارا) لأن القمار من القمر الذي يزداد تارة وينقص أخرى، وسمي القمار قمارا لأن كل واحد من المقامرين ممن يجوز أن يذهب ماله إلى صاحبه، ويجوز أن يستفيد مال صاحبه وهو حرام بالنص
[Raddul Muhtār, Ibn ‘Abideen (d.1252ah), 6/403, HM Saeed]
[Al-Badai’ al-Sana’i, 5/127, DKI]

اس لۓ میسر یا قمار کی تعریف یہ ہے کہ جس معاملہ میں کسی مال کا مالک بنانے کو ایسی شرط پر موقوف رکھا جاۓ جس کے وجود وعدم کی دونوں جانبیں مساوی ہوں، اور اسی بناء پر نفع خالص یا تاوان خالص برداشت کرنے کی دونوں جانبیں بھی برابر ہو، مثلا یہ بھی احتمال ہے کہ زید پر تاوان پڑجاۓ، اور یہ بھی ہے کہ عمر پر پڑجاۓ، اس کی جتنی قسمیں اور صورتیں پہلے زمانے میں رائج تھیں یا آج رائج ہے یا آئندہ پیدا ہو وہ سب میسر اور قمار اور جوا کہلاۓ گا۔
[Ma’ariful Qur’ān, 1/532, Idāratul Ma’arif]

غرر کی تیسری صورت ہے تعليق المال على الخطر ہے یعنی تملیک کو کسی ایسے واقعے کے ساتھ معلق کرنا جس کے وجود میں آنے اور نہ آنے دونوں کا احتمال ہو، مثلا بائع مشتری سے یہ کہے کہ تم مجھے ثمن ابھی دیدو، اگر فلاں واقعہ پیش آگیا تو میں مبیع تمہارے حوالے کردو گا۔ چونکہ اس صورت میں مبیع کی سپردگی کو ایک ایسے واقعے کے ساتھ معلق کردیا جس کے پیس آنے اور نہ آے دونوں کا احتمال ہے، اس لۓ یہ معاملہ درست نہیں۔ اس کو “تعليق التمليك على الخطر” کہا جاتا ہے، اور اس کو “قمار” بھی کہا جاتا ہے، اس لۓ کہ “قمار” میں بھی ایک طرف سے پیسوں
کی ادائیگی یقینی ہوتی ہے، جبکہ دوسری طرف سے اس کا عوض یقینی نہیں ہوتا، بلکہ محتمل ہوتا ہے، اس لۓ “قمار” بھی غرر مین داخل ہے۔
[Taqrir al-Tirmidhi, 1/97-98, Memon Islamic Pub]

قمار ایک سے زائد فریقوں کے درمیان ایک ایسا معاہدہ ہے جس میں ہر فریق نے کسی غیر یقینی واقعے کی بنیاد پر اپنا کوئی مال (یا تو فوری ادائیگی  کرکے یا ادائیگی کا وعدہ کرکے) اس
طرح داو پر لگایا ہو کہ یا تو وہ مال بلا معاوضہ دوسرے فریق کے پاس چلا جاۓگا، یا دوسرے فریق کا مال پہلے فریق کے پاس بلا معاوضہ آجاۓگا۔
[Islām Aur Jadīd Ma’ashi Masa’il, 3/358, Idārah Islāmiyyat]

[3]
من غشنا فليس منا
[Sahih Muslim, 101]

آية المنافق ثلاث: إذا حدث كذب، وإذا وعد أخلف، وإذا اؤتمن خان
[Sahih Bukhari, 33]