Question(s)

How should women do rukū because we were teaching children in mosque and we had different views from different apas?

Answer(s)

الجواب حامدا ومصليا ومسلما

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

A woman should perform Ruku’ in the following manner:
1) She should recite the Takbīr (‘Allahu Akbar’) whilst going into Ruku’. [1]
2) She should bow slightly whilst bending her knees slightly, such that she is able to touch her knees. [2]
3) She should only touch her knees lightly without holding her knees or leaning on them. [3]
4) She should keep her fingers together, with no gaps between them. [4]
5) She should keep her elbows close to her sides. [5]
6) She should keep the ankles of both feet close together. [6]
7) Her sight should be set on her feet during the entire Ruku’. [7]
8) She should recite her Tasbihāt, during the Ruku’, as usual. [8]
9) She can then stand up from the Ruku’.

Note: The method of Ruku’ for males differs in points 2-7. Insha’Allah, a guide to Ruku’ for a Male will be posted soon.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best.
Mubasshir Talha
23 Rabi’ al-Awwal 1442 / 9 November 2020

Concurred by:

Approved by:
Mufti Tahir Wadee | Mufti Yusuf Ilolvi
[To see their profiles, click here]

Note: This fatwa is only to be viewed with the question asked. In the event of presenting this to a third party, please ensure it is coupled with the original question, as well as the references below for Islamic Scholars.


DISCLAIMER: The views and opinions expressed in this answer belong only to: the author, any concurring Ulama’ and the senior approving Muftis – they do not in any way represent or reflect the views of any institutions to which he may be affiliated.

Arguments and ideas propounded in this answer are based on the juristic interpretations and reasoning of the author. Given that contemporary issues and their interpretations are subjective in nature, another Mufti may reach different conclusions to the one expressed by the author. Whilst every effort has been taken to ensure total accuracy and soundness from a Shari’ah perspective, the author is open to any correction or juristic guidance. In the event of any juristic shortcomings, the author will retract any or all of the conclusions expressed within this answer.

The Shari’ah ruling given herein is based specifically on the scenario in question.  The author bears no responsibility towards any party that acts or does not act on this answer and is exempted from any and all forms of loss or damage.  This answer may not be used as evidence in any court of law without prior written consent from the author.  Consideration is only given and is restricted to the specific links provided, the author does not endorse nor approve of any other content the website may contain.


[References]

[1]
وبعد الفراغ منها ينحط للركوع مكبرا
[Raddul Muhtār, 3/306 – Farfur]

[2]
أما المرأة فتنحنى في الركوع يسيرا
[Raddul Muhtār, 3/308 – Farfur]

وتنحني في الركوع قليلا بحيث تبلغ حد الركوع فلا تزيد على ذلك لأنه أستر لها
[Hashiyah al-Tahtawi ala Marāqi al-Falāh, 1/259 – Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah]

وتحني ركبتيها
[Raddul Muhtār, 3/308 – Farfur]

[3]
وتضع يديها على ركبتيها وضعا
[Raddul Muhtār, 3/308 – Farfur]

[4]
ولا تفرج ولكن تضم
[Raddul Muhtār, 3/308 – Farfur]

ويكون الرجل (مفرجا أصابعه) ناصبا ساقيه وإحناؤهما شبه القوس مكروه والمرأة لا تفرج أصابعها
[Marāqi al-Falāh, 1/106 – Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah]

ولا تفرج أصابعها في الركوع
[Hashiyah al-Tahtawi ala Marāqi al-Falāh, 1/259 – Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah]

[5]
ولا تجافي ركبتيها عضديها لأن ذلك أستر لها
[Raddul Muhtār, 3/308 – Farfur]

وتلزم مرفقيها بجنبيها فيه
[Hashiyah al-Tahtawi ala Marāqi al-Falāh, 1/259 – Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah]

[6]
ويسن أن يلصق كعبيه
[al-Durr al-Mukhtār Ma’a Raddul Muhtār, 3/307 – Farfur]

وفي المجتبى والسنة في الركوع إلصاق الكعبين
[al-Bahr al-Ra’iq, 1/550 – Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah]

[7]
(و) منها (نظر المصلي) سواء كان رجلا أو امرأة (إلى موصع سجدوه قائما) حفظا له عن النظر إلى ما يشغله عن الخشوع (و) نظره (إلى ظاهر القدم راكعا….
[Marāqi al-Falāh, 1/106 – Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah]

[8]
السنة في تسبيح الركوع سبحان ربي العظيم
[Raddul Muhtār, 3/310 – Farfur]

(قوله: وسبح ثلاثا) أي في ركوعه بأن يقول سبحان ربي العظيم
[al-Bahr al-Ra’iq, 1/550 – Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah]

For further details, refer to: Salah of the Women in the light of the Sunnah, p.73-77, Madrasah Taleemuddeen, South Africa.